What and why bioschemas.org
In this tutorial you will learn what Bioschemas is, what the added value to schema.org.is and what the main elements in Bioschemas are.
Bioschemas is a community project built on top of schema.org, aiming to improve interoperability in Life Sciences so resources can better communicate and work together by using a common markup on their websites.
While on schema.org you can get those nice summaries, Bioschemas aims to make it possible to get similar summaries but focused on Life Science resources as Proteins, Samples, Beacons, Tools, Training, Life science envents and so on
Imagine an insulin summary but rather than pointing to Wikipedia, including specialized resources such as Orphanet or CATH as seen on Figure 1. In this way you would get a quick overview while also links to relevant resources all in one search.
Figure 1. Insulin summary on a search engine
Bioschemas inheritates the benefits from schema.org, i.e., enabling machines to understand what your metadata is in advance, making it easier to find, integrate, and re-use your data. It also brings some benefits tailored to the Life Sciences community. In Figure 2, you can find a graphical summary of such benefits, which are explained in more detailed on the paragraphs below.
Figure 2: Event profile provided by Bioschemas for the Event type in schema.org
1. Bioschemas focuses on key properties prioritised as Minimum, Recommended and Optional based on community agreements and common practices
2. Bioschemas provides additional recommendations regarding properties cardinality
3. Bioschemas customises schema.org types (see previous tutorial) to better supports needs on the life sciences community
4. Bioschemas reuses terms from well-known ontologies thus avoiding reinventing the wheel